1. What is the customs broker?
The broker in the customs is the Romanian juridical person
constituted according to the law, who effects on behalf and
for third persons, the declaration in detail of the commodities
for the import, export, transit, storing and other customs
operations, as well as the presentation of the declared commodities
at the customs control and the payment in the customs of the
import and export duties. Also the customs broker has the
right to perform import or export operations in own name.
2. What is the basic customs duty?
The basic customs duties are established according to the
Romania’s commercial politics and/or the international agreements
to which Romania is a signatory party (The agreement on the
application of art. VII of the General agreement for Fees
and Commerce (GATT), an integral part of the agreement from
Marrakech concerning the constitution of the World Commerce
Organization, which Romania applies without reserves, ratified
by Law no.nr.133/1994).
3. The percentage of the customs duties?
The customs duties are expressed in percentages and are included
in the Romania’s customs import fee. Also, the denomination
and classification of goods are included here. The percentage
of the customs duties differs according to the commodities
type and nature.
4. Transit and customs clearance modalities?
The customs transit represents a suspensive customs operation
which, for certain categories of commodities, implies the
guarantee of the customs duty (example – commodities subject
to excise tax). Upon the exportation of commodities customs
fees are not cashed, according to Law 86/2006 on the Romania’s
Customs Code. In order to perform the transit of commodities
there is necessary that the carrier or the customs brokers
societies should posses guarantee instruments, which may be
bank instruments (ex. guarantee letters) or having an intrinsic
value (ex. the Tir card).
The customs brokers societies which obtained the quality of
main bound persons and which possess guarantee documents (ex.
global guarantee certificate) may perform for the economic
agents all types of transit operations.
5. Acts and documents that represent the basis of drawing
up the DVTZ and of definitive import ?
Necessary documents in order to draw up the customs declaration:
- a copy of the Unique registration Code (CUI)
- the original or a copy of the invoice.
- Documents issued by the carrier.
- Documents necessary in order to apply a preferential duty
or concerning other derogatory measures to the basic duty
6. What are the preferential customs duties ?
The preferential customs duties make the object of certain
agreements of free exchange conclude by Romania with countries
(Moldavia, Turkey, Lithuania, Israel) or groups of countries
(European Union - EU, European Association of the Free Exchange
- AELS, CEFTA etc.) for certain commodities or categories
7. Ways to return the goods if they do not meet the entrance
conditions to Romania.
In the case when the goods do not meet the customs clearance
conditions on the Romania’s territory they are sent back to
the remitter in order to draw up the re-export formalities.
(ex. EU3 SAU EX 3 Terms 3100-Commodities send back without
being subject to the customs rights).
8. Questions concerning the environment acceptances, phytosanitary,
and sanitary- veterinary acceptances.
The environment acceptances, phytosanitary, and sanitary-
veterinary acceptances are granted by the authorized internal
organisms, on the basis of the specific documentation according
to the legislation in force; these acceptances are granted
at the request of the customs authority on specific forms.
9. What is the customs declaration ?
The customs declaration is the unilateral document, with public
character, by which a person manifests, under the forms and
in the ways stipulated in the customs regulations, the will
to place the commodities under established customs terms.